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New York

New York is the largest city in the USA. It lies on the river Hudson and East River. There live 18 million people in N.Y. N.Y. has 5 boroughs - they are for example Brooklyn or Manhattan. It is one of the most important commercial and cultural centres all over the world. There are more than 80 languages used here and about 100 religions. Charakteristic for this city are skyscrapers and yellow taxis called cabs for poorer people. There is a subway too, which is one of the largest and oldest in the world.

History

The first people were Indians - they were called so by Columbus. The first European came here in 16th century. The Europen people bought Manhattan Island from Indians for 25 Dollars. In the 17th century first slaves came here. After the war of independence in 1789, when American people won, New York became the capital of the United States for 2 years. In 19th century many emigrants came here, because their religion or language was respected here. During 2nd world war many clever people from Europe were coming here (Albert Einstein). Lots of those people stayed also here after the war.

Culture

The Times Square is a place of theatres and concert halls. Very popular is Broadway, where are 40 theatres. There is the largest museum of modern art in the world. There are many famous pictures by Piccaso or Vincent van Gogh.

N.Y. has a system of avenues and streets, which are numbered, they don't have names. There are 15 avenues, which go from north to south and 200 streets which go from west to east. The centre of financial life is Wall Street, where are many banks. Probably the most famous building in N.Y. is the Empire State Building. It is a skyscraper with about 100 floors. Very well known was the World Trade centre too. The doom of the twin towers was on the 11th September by a plane crash (terrorist attack on the United States).

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